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Historic and Cultural Values in Central Cuba

Sancti Spiritus province, in central Cuba, stands out for its rich historic and cultural values.

The fourth of seven villages founded by the Spanish conquistadors in Cuba in the 16th century, the city of Sancti Spiritus has high architectural, historic, traditional and cultural values, which are complemented by its singular natural beauties.

Initially called Villa del Espíritu Santo (Village of the Holy Spirit), the settlement was originally founded on the banks of the Tuinicú River and was moved to the banks of the Yayabo River in 1552.

The city's historic heart is characterized by three construction styles and holds more than 1,000 buildings of high architectural value that are made of stone masonry and additional adobe.

The Spanish baroque is present in the large portals of the rich mansions, near a big square with the church, as was the classic design of Spanish towns.

The neoclassic style gained ground in the 18th century and is present in the ornaments of doors and windows with beautiful iron-wrought railings that had the double goal of protecting and embellishing the mansions.

Trinidad, colonial house
Trinidad, colonial house
Trinidad, colonial house

In downtown Sancti Spiritus is the Parochial Church, which was built in 1680 and is considered the oldest building in the city. The church was designated a National Monument.

The church is characterized by the Mudejar architectural style and its ground plan is similar to that of the Village of Alcor, in Huelva, Spain.

In that regard, the church is characterized by vaults, arches and decorative elements that were built by master builders.

Also in Sancti Spiritus province is the village of Trinidad, the third of its kind founded in Cuba in 1514, with the additional attraction of being one of the best-preserved Spanish-colonial cities in the American continent.

Designated Humankind's Heritage Site by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 1988 and considered a bridge to colonize the rest of the country, Trinidad was founded on the banks of the Guaurabo River, where the Spanish conquistadors found an aboriginal population who they used as slave labor force, fertile lands and excellent ports to prepare their expeditions.

The Main Square, the central axis of the old village, holds a statue of Terpsichore, the muse of dance and music, which is accompanied by the singular beauty of the Church of the Santisima Trinidad (Holy Trinity), where there are valuable pieces belonging to Cuba's religious treasure.

Trinidad has one of the best-preserved Spanish-colonial architectural complexes in Cuba and the Americas and combines construction styles from the 18th and 19th centuries.

Narrow cobblestoned streets provide access to buildings with decorated walls, iron-wrought railings and precious timber, in addition to artistic balconies.

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