Cuba -the largest Antillean island- full of natural attractions in its geography, adjusts the potential for development of tourism in its various modalities related to the environment.
Both terrestrial space and under the sea, Cuba offers beauty and quality, being considered the most important natural scenery of Caribbean islands in size, variety, levels of endemism and state of preservation.
Dozens of natural beaches, more than 4,000 cays and islets; valleys, mountain ranges, nature parks and biosphere reserves underpin the country's wealth in that area.
In addition, the island welcomes ideal spaces for the practice of modalities such as hiking, cycling, horseback riding, caving, wildlife observation, photo hunting and cave diving.
The wide range of site goes from east to west, with great places like the National Parks of Guanahacabibes, Viñales, Caguanes, Pico Cristal, Granma Landing, the Turquino and Alejandro de Humboldt, in addition to the Biosphere Reserves Sierra del Rosario, Frijol, Guanahacabibes Peninsula, Baconao, Buenavista and Zapata Swamp.
The approach to nature from a beach or city adds value to the tourism product, supported by the growing interest of visitors to know the reality of the Cuban countryside and enjoy an almost virgin environment that perpetually calls for adventure.
Cuban fauna has about 16,500 described species, in a context where some zoological groups represent an endemism of over 90 percent, while the autochthonous flora shows more than 6,300 varieties, in a colorful panorama and the most diverse forms.
One of the strongholds of this variant is located in the Valley of Viñales, located in the western province of Pinar del Rio, with its peculiar formations of hummocks, vertical lifts of walls and rounded tops that sometimes exceed 400 meters.
Towards the center and south of the island is located Cienaga de Zapata, with about 5,000 square kilometers and is considered the largest wetland in the Caribbean, which also plays host to more than a thousand species of flora and an internationally renowned crocodile farm.
The waterfall of Caburni, with its 64 meters high, the Manrtin Infierno cave and its stalactite of more than 60 meters -among other attractive- await tourists arriving in the central region of the island, with the most important mountain system in that area in the Escambray.
In the east, the country's highest peak in the Sierra Maestra mark the richness of the National Park of the same name, with stories, legends and the most autochthonous traditions alongside a splendid natural beauty.