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History and Tourism in Central Cuba

Central Cuba, full of natural and cultural attractions, offers a wide range of tourist options for both Cuban and foreign vacationers.

In the case of Villa Clara province, there are several tourist attractions, including its exuberant nature, cultural traditions and history.

Villa Clara is a required visit for thousands of foreign tourists every year, especially San Juan de los Remedios, the eighth village founded by the Spanish conquistadors in Cuba in the 16th century.

Remedios, which has well-preserved buildings, irregular streets, is also famous nationwide and abroad for its parties, which are known as Parrandas de Remedios.

The city's historic heart, which was declared a National Monument in 1980, starts in the current José Martí Square, formerly known as the Parochial or Isabel II square.

That square is the only one in the country that is surrounded by two churches: Nuestra Señora del Buen Viaje and Parroquial Mayor de San Juan Bautista.

Town of Remedios. Church
Trinidad`s historic center
Church

The central Cuban province of Sancti Spiritus holds two of the first villages founded by the Spaniards in Cuba.

Founded half a millennium ago, the city of Sancti Spiritus, formerly known as Villa del Espíritu Santo, was originally built on the banks of the Tuinicú River, but it was moved to the banks of the Yayabo River in 1552.

The fourth of the first seven villages established in Cuba by the Spanish conquistadors in the 16th century, Sancti Spiritus treasures architectural values, history, traditions, culture and natural beauties, thus creating an attractive and singular combination.

Three constructive styles coincide in the city's historic heart, where there are more than 1,000 buildings with high architectural value, as they were built using traditional adobe.

Sancti Spiritus province also holds the former Villa de la Santísima Trinidad, also known as Cuba's City Museum, which has the privileged of being one of the country's Spanish-colonial cities and holding one of the best preserved and most complete architectural complexes in the American continent.

Declared Humankind Heritage Site by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 1988 and a required stop in the conquest of new territories, the city was founded by the Guaurabo River, where the Spaniards found aboriginal people, who they used as slaves, fertile lands and excellent ports to prepare expeditions.

Trinidad's houses have a neoclassic decoration that can be found in murals, molds, wooden frames and iron-wrought railings.

One of the landmarks in the city is the Iznaga Tower, which was built in the first half of the 19th century as a watchtower.

The bell on top of the seven-story, 45-meter-tall tower was used to call the slaves to start and finish working in the sugarcane fields every day, in addition to marking the time to pray for the Holy Virgin.

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