Cuba, a famous Caribbean island due to its tourist attractions, is supported by programs which offer the richness of the traditional sun and beach options combined with nature.
The crystal-clear and warm waters surrounding the archipelago complement the tourist industry with facilities for practicing nautical activities.
Cuba is famous for the sun and beach options, complemented by the country’s potential for diving in the 70,000 kilometers of the island shelf and about 5,000 kilometers of coasts bathed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.
Likewise, close to 6,500 varieties of fish, crustaceans, sponges and mollusks; accompanied by several coral species, make up one of the best preserved marine ecosystems in the region.
About three dozen specialized diving centers are distributed throughout the country, including facilities for beginners’ courses as well as for diving in the coral reefs and caverns; always taking into account the established international standards for such activity.
Natural reserves, biosphere reserves, natural landscapes and protected areas make up a large network of options characterized by the richness, excellent preservation and unique features which distinguish the area.
The Sierra Maestra, the highest mountain range in Cuba, located in the eastern area of the country, comprises the richness of the National Park by the same name where history, legends and traditions coexist with a nature of splendid beauty.
Cuban nature can also be enjoyed in the depths of caverns located in the territory; over 60 percent of the soil is composed of calcareous rocks that with the action and influence of the glacial periods, as well as the characteristics of the climate, have contributed to the formation of the largest caverns in the region.
In addition, the leisure programs related to the cultural and historic values of the island, contributed by more than five centuries are constantly increasing.
In this environment, Cuban capital city, previously known as San Cristobal de La Habana, currently represents a living museum of the most diverse construction styles that portray its different development stages.
Close to 140 buildings, located in the city’s historic heart, date back to the 16th and 17th centuries, while about 200 were built in the 18th century and over 460 in the 19th; thus achieving a very attractive combination for the most demanding tastes.
The second largest urban settlement of the country is in Camagüey –formerly known as Santa María del Puerto del Príncipe-, also known as “Ciudad de los Tinajones” (City of Large Earthenware Jars) due to the abundant existence of these large jars which were used to store rainwater.
Meanwhile, the city of Trinidad, formerly known as Villa de la Santísima Trinidad (Village of the Holy Trinity), stands out in the province of Sancti Spíritus; the village was founded in 1514 and it is included among the first seven villages founded by the Spanish in the Cuban archipelago.