The Cuban archipelago, full of recreational options for tourism, supports its enviable natural attractions with unique cultural and historical values characterized by their diversity.
Beach and sun options stand out as the traditional offers to domestic and foreign vacationers thanks to the pleasant Cuban climate.
The seas around the island also hold attractions for tourists in the warm waters that favor nautical activities.
In this sense, over 70,000 kilometers of the island shelf are available for diving, with nearly 5,000 kilometers of coasts bathed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.
Close to 6,500 species of fish, crustaceous, sponges and mollusks; accompanied by several coral varieties, make the island into one of the best preserved underwater ecosystems in the region.
Three dozen specialized diving centers operate in the territory, including facilities for basic diving courses and diving in coral reefs and caverns under the international standards for such activity.
Natural and biosphere reserves, natural landscapes, national parks and protected areas make up a broad option network characterized by excellent conservation and unique features that distinguish the region.
The Sierra Maestra, the highest mountain range in Cuba, located in the eastern area of the country, comprises the richness of the National Park by the same name where history, legends and traditions coexist with a nature of splendid beauty.
Cuban nature can also be enjoyed in the depths of caverns located in the territory; over 60 percent of the soil is composed of calcareous rocks that with the action and influence of the glacial periods, as well as the characteristics of the climate, have contributed to the formation of the largest caverns in the region.
The tourist expansion strategy extends beyond the main island toward the northern keys where several kilometers of excellent beaches and a barely man-disturbed environment can be found.
A 48-kilometer causeway joins the main island of the archipelago with many of its keys like Santa María, Las Brujas, Ensenachos, Cobos, Majá, Fragoso, Francés, Las Picúas and Español Adentro, among others.
In addition, Cuban tourist options include an infrastructure aimed at the preservation of the country’s cultural and historical heritage that comprises over 300 museums.
Many facilities devoted to arts, science and technology; ethnography, anthropology and history stand out among the options related to the preservation of the cultural and historical values of the country.