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Weekly report on Cuba's tourism industry
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Cuba: History and Tourism in the Caribbean

The Cuban archipelago, which is well known all over the world due to its excellent beaches, also offers a wide range of options for tourists who spend their vacations here every year.

Cuba, which has a privileged geographical location, five-century-old traditions and well-preserved nature, also has a rich history.

Several monuments and museums are part of Cuba's cultural offer, in which National Hero José Martí plays a major role.

A huge statue of the Apostle has been a silent witness of major marches and demonstrations at Revolution Square in Havana, where Cubans have gathered on countless occasions over the past 50 years.

Precisely, at the base of that large sculpture is the José Martí Memorial, which treasures several elements of the life and work of that prominent Cuban intellectual.

Founded 15 years ago, the Memorial is visited every year by thousands of foreign tourists interested in learning about Cuba's history and culture.

Tower and Monument to José Martí
Entrance and Bust of Martí, José Martí Memorial
Room 1, José Martí Memorial

A staff of experts guides visitors along the halls of the Memorial, where they learn about José Martí and the characteristics of the monument, the square and the nearby buildings.

At the base of the monument, which takes the shape of a five-point star, halls for exhibitions and ceremonies are used for lectures, book presentations and small concerts.

Several halls show drawings, engravings, books and objects about the life and work of the Cuban National Hero, who played a key role in the organization of the war of independence.

Among the items on display are José Martí's degrees in Philosophy and Letters and Law from the University of Zaragoza, in Spain.

Visitors are especially attracted to a mural of Venetian ceramics created by Cuban artist Enrique Carabia, in which 89 thoughts by José Martí can be read in 10-carat gold-laminated letters.

The tour ends spectacularly with a visit to the Lookout on top of the Monument, which is 139 meters above sea level and is the highest point in Havana.

From there, visitors can enjoy a panoramic view of the Cuban capital, where different architectural styles, cultures, traditions and races are mixed.

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