Cuba, which offers a wide range of tourist attractions, also provides several options ranging from excellent beaches to urban destinations throughout the archipelago.
Sites such as Varadero beach (in western Matanzas province), Holguín, Trinidad and Santiago de Cuba have become major destination as a result of the development of those regions' tourist infrastructure and recreational options.
South of the big island, Cayo Largo del Sur is one of those peculiar sites for leisure, with 24 kilometers of excellent beaches, and white and thin sand that never gets very hot.
Cuba's unique nature is characterized by a high level of endemism, which is complemented by programs on cultural, historic and health tourism.
Cuba combines recreation and medical treatments to improve the quality of life, including such procedures as thalassotherapy, considering that Cuba is an island.
That medical modality benefits from the island's marine environment – air, water and climate – and other natural resources such as mud, sand and algae.
Many facilities specialize in promoting health tourism, particularly at hotels where medical treatments are provided and at resorts where mineral-medicinal water is used to treat several ailments.
In addition to traditional tourist options, programs that combine nature tourism and adventure have been promoted over the past few years in Cuba.
Tours to the country's mountain ecosystems are also highly demanded by foreign tourists who bet on Cuba to spend their vacations.
Protected areas, biosphere reserves, swamps and Cuba's endemic flora and fauna can be watched along specialized trails created for those interested in enjoying the island's nature.
Three dozens of specialized dive center operate throughout the country, where vacationers can take initiation courses and dive in coral reefs and caverns, under strict international standards for that activity.
The Caribbean Island is inhabited by some 16,500 animal species, including some zoological groups whose endemism is over 90 percent.
In addition to enjoying nature from a beach or a city, tourists can also learn about the situation in Cuba's countryside in a nearly pristine environment that invites them to embark in an adventure.