The Cuban archipelago, a tourist destination par excellence in the Caribbean region, offers a wide range of options, some of which are unique.
Traditional sun and beach options along dozens of kilometers of beaches of fine white sand and warm crystal-clear water attract thousands of foreign tourists every year.
In addition, Cuba's natural, cultural and historic wealth, including architectural relics built during the Spanish-colonial period, is also an excellent option for foreign tourists.
One of the country's major destinations is Havana, one of the seven first villages founded by the Spanish conquistadors, who named it San Cristóbal de La Habana. The Cuban capital is a key element in most vacation packages.
In Havana's historic heart, declared Humankind's Heritage by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), nearly 140 buildings were constructed in the 16th and 17th centuries, another 200 were built in the 18th century, and more than 460 in the 19th century.
For those who want to stay in an environment full of centuries-old memories, the company Habaguanex S.A. runs a broad network of hotels in Old Havana.
The fusion of races and customs, as part of a centuries-old process, resulted in a one-of-a-kind culture that is made up of African, aboriginal, Chinese, French and, of course, Spanish elements, creating a unique mixing.
Cuba has a large infrastructure of 120 art galleries, antique shops and plastic art halls, in addition to nearly 290 museums, including 14 on art, seven on science and technology, five on ethnography and anthropology and 68 on history. It also has more than 80 theaters.
Cuba's cultural programs consist of meetings, workshops, festivals, congresses and specialized courses, which are held all year around.
The Caribbean island also offers its seven wonders of civil engineering, chosen among 37 sites.
On top of the list is the aqueduct built by engineer Francisco de Albear in the 19th century, which has been operational since 1893.