The Cuban archipelago, full of the most diverse tourist attractions, makes up an extraordinary leisure formula thanks to its natural, historic, cultural and social features which are famous in the Caribbean.
The traditional sun and beach tourist programs are combined with other options like ecotourism, as well as adventure, incentive, congress and convention, cultural and sports tourism.
Those who are interested in the nature options can enjoy the Cuban fauna composed of about 16,500 registered species in a natural environment where many zoological groups show an endemism above 90 percent.
Natural reserves, biosphere reserves, natural landscapes, national parks and protected areas make up an extensive network of offers characterized by its richness, excellent conservation and unique features of the region.
Bird watching is an activity of special interest in this environment, attracting many visitors each year to different destinations in the country.
The Cuban diversity for ecotourism is immense and as an example, the provinces of Villa Clara, Cienfuegos and Sancti Spíritus, in the central area of the country, have a huge potential for nature tourism.
This tourist option in Villa Clara includes the Hanabanilla Lake, an ideal site for nature lovers since it is the only one in Cuba with intra-mountain characteristics; the lake is fed by three tributaries: the Negro, the Hanabanilla and the Guanayara rivers.
In sense, one of the most attractive places is the Ciénaga de Zapata (the largest swamp in Cuba) which is comprised in the Montemar Grand National Park including, in one region, blue-water beaches, exotic forests, rivers, lakes, underwater caverns, natural swimming pools, unexplored areas and swamp savannas.
On the other hand, Havana, Cuban capital city, stands out in the preference of thousands of tourists who arrive in the country every year, thanks to its leisure options and its cultural and historic values.
The city is well known for its fortress system, including the castle of San Salvador de la Punta which was built on one end of the San Lázaro Cove, in the western coast of the harbor entrance.
The system also includes La Cabaña, a military architectural jewel of the 18th century which combines the military development of colonial times, with a variety of architectural and space components.
El Morro, the most relevant colonial fortress, not only from the strategic and military point of view, but also for its still functioning lighthouse which is regarded as a symbol of the city, completes the system.
In western Cuba, the famous Varadero beach resort – 22 beach kilometers located in the Hicacos peninsula – is available for those who want to enjoy a sea of the most varied shades, which bathes a wide strip of white and fine sand.