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Colonial Attractions in Cuban Fortresses

The Cuban archipelago, one of the fastest-growing tourist destinations in the Caribbean, benefits from a national scenario rich in history from the Spanish colonial period.

Elements in the country's architecture, customs, traditions and culture are combined to create tourist programs that meet the demands from thousands of vacationers who visit the Caribbean Island every year.

The privileged geographic location of the island nation, in the middle of the Caribbean Sea and amid major maritime routes, forced Spanish authorities to build a strong network of fortifications.

Cuba's military development was boosted by the Spanish court's decision to turn the port of Havana into a hub for treasure-laden ships departing from the New World to the metropolis.

Therefore, the Spanish monarchs decided to build a system of fortifications to protect the wealth of the Crown and persuade corsairs and pirates from attacking the island, especially its capital.

One of the most outstanding fortresses from that period is the Castle of the Three Kings of Morro, which was designed by Italian military engineer Juan Bautista Antonelli.

San Pedro de la Roca. Outside view
La Cabaña Fortress
La Punta Fortress

It is a Renaissance fortress in the shape of an irregular polygon with three powerful bastions overlooking the bay, the entry to the port and the city. The Morro castle was later complemented by the Fortress of La Cabaña.

The famous city Walls were built in 1740, thus the custom of shooting a cannon before closing the nine gates to Havana, a tradition that has remained until today.

Day after day, at nine pm, the guards at the fortress fired the cannons to warn Havana dwellers that it was time to seek shelter within the walls and avoid traveling in the thick woods surrounding the city.

The Castle of San Pedro de la Roca – also known as Santiago de Cuba's Morro Castle – was built in the eastern city of Santiago de Cuba, the first capital of the country from 1515 to 1607. The fortress had little defensive impact, as its construction lasted several decades.

Considered the oldest architectural work in the central province of Matanzas, the San Severino castle housed the command headquarters of the city's defense system.

The so-called "Trocha de Júcaro a Morón" (Júcaro-Morón Defensive Belt), one of the most important military monuments and the largest Spanish fortification in Cuba and Latin America in the 19th century, was built in the central-eastern region of the Caribbean Island

Its construction in 1871-72 was aimed at cutting the Cuban Liberation Army off in its way to the western part of the country, and preventing the war from spreading to that region.

The 68-kilometer-long belt, the same width of the eastern province of Ciego de Avila, was a singular defensive project consisting of a network of facilities to guarantee the rapid deployment of troops.

The inefficacy of the defensive belt forced Spanish authorities to reinforce it in late 19th century, when the structure had 60 small fortresses, 67 blockhouses, 401 surveillance posts, wire fences, moats guarded by more than 12,000 men and a railroad track to move 26 pieces of artillery.

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ATTRACTIONS
Bacuranao Tower
Places of Interest

Playa de Bacuranao

La Habana
Castillo de los Tres Reyes del Morro (Castle of the Three Kings of El Morro)
Places of Interest

Ribera este del canal de entrada a la bahía de La Habana

La Habana
Castle of San Pedro de la Roca
World Heritage Sites

Carretera de El Morro km. 8

Santiago de Cuba
Cojimar Fort
Places of Interest

Malecón e/ Marcos y Victoria, Cojímar

La Habana
De la Real Fuerza Castle
Places of Interest

Calle O´Reilly No. 2 e/ Ave. del Puerto y Tacón

La Habana
Historical-Military Park Morro-Cabaña
Places of Interest

Carretera de La Cabaña

La Habana
La Estrella Fortress
Places of Interest

Carretera de Ciudamar km. 8

Santiago de Cuba
Old Defensive System “Jucaro-Moron Path”
Monuments

Carretera de Júcaro-Morón

Ciego de Avila
Old Havana and its Colonial Fortress System
World Heritage Sites

La Habana Vieja

La Habana
Old Villa of San Cristobal of Havana
Urban Historic Centers

La Habana Vieja

La Habana
Old Villa of Santiago de Cuba
Urban Historic Centers

Ciudad de Santiago de Cuba

Santiago de Cuba
Remains of the Wall of Havana
Places of Interest

La Habana Vieja

La Habana
San Carlos de la Cabaña Fort
Places of Interest

Ribera este del canal de entrada a la bahía de La Habana

La Habana
San Lazaro Tower
Places of Interest

Malecón y Marina

La Habana
San Salvador de la Punta Castle
Places of Interest

Ave. del Puerto y Paseo del Prado

La Habana
San Severino Castle
Places of Interest

Carretera del Puerto, Zona Franca

Matanzas
ACCOMMODATION All services
Ambos Mundos
City

Calle Obispo No. 153 esq. a Mercaderes

La Habana
Armadores de Santander
City

Calle Luz No. 4 esq. a San Pedro

La Habana
Beltrán de Santa Cruz
City

Calle San Ignacio No. 411 e/ Muralla y Sol

La Habana
Brisas Sierra Mar
Beach

Carretera Chivirico Km 60

Santiago de Cuba
Canimao
Nature

Carretera Vía Blanca Km 4.5, Reparto Canímar

Matanzas
Casa Granda
City

Calle Heredia No. 201 e/ San Pedro y San Félix

Santiago de Cuba
Ciego de Avila
City

Carretera a Ceballo Km 2.5

Ciego de Avila
Conde de Villanueva
City

Calle Mercaderes No. 202 e/ Lamparilla y Amargura

La Habana
El Comendador
City

Calle Obrapía No. 55 esq. a Baratillo

La Habana
El Mesón de la Flota
City

Calle Mercaderes e/ Amargura y Teniente Rey

La Habana
El Saltón
Nature

Carretera a Filé

Santiago de Cuba
Florida
City

Calle Obispo esq. a Cuba

La Habana
Iberostar Parque Central
City

Calle Neptuno e/ Paseo del Prado y Zulueta

La Habana
La Casona de Morón
Nature

Calle Cristóbal Colón No. 41

Ciego de Avila
La Gran Piedra
Nature

Carretera de La Gran Piedra Km 14

Santiago de Cuba
Las Américas
City

Ave. de Las Américas y General Cebreco

Santiago de Cuba
Libertad
City

Aguilera No 658 e/ Serafín Sánchez y Pérez Carbó

Santiago de Cuba
Los Frailes
City

Calle Teniente Rey No. 8 e/ Mercaderes y Oficios

La Habana
Meliá Santiago
City

Ave. de las Américas y M

Santiago de Cuba
Morón
City

Ave. de Tarafa s/n, Morón

Ciego de Avila
Palacio O´Farrill
City

Calle Cuba No. 102-108 esq. a Chacón

La Habana
Palacio San Miguel
City

Calle Cuba No. 52 esq. a Peña Pobre

La Habana
Park View
City

Calle Colón esq. a Morro

La Habana
Plaza
City

Calle Ignacio Agramonte No. 267

La Habana
Rancho Club
City

Carretera Central km. 41.5, Alturas de Quintero

Santiago de Cuba
Raquel
City

Calle Amargura esq. a San Ignacio

La Habana
San Juan
City

Carretera a Siboney Km 4.5

Santiago de Cuba
Santa Isabel
City

Calle Baratillo No. 9 e/ Obispo y Narciso López

La Habana
Saratoga
City

Paseo del Prado No. 603 esquina a Dragones

La Habana
Tejadillo
City

Calle Tejadillo No. 12 esq. a San Ignacio

La Habana
Telégrafo
City

Paseo del Prado No. 408 esq. a Neptuno

La Habana
Valencia
City

Calle Oficios No. 53 esq. a Obrapía

La Habana
Versalles
City

Carretera del Morro Km 1, Altura de Versalles

Santiago de Cuba
Villa Gaviota Santiago de Cuba
City

Ave. Manduley No. 502 e/ 19 y 21, Reparto Vista Alegre

Santiago de Cuba
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