|It covers the provinces of Guantánamo and Holguín, in the northeastern region of the country, within an area that was declared Reserve of the Biosphere and known as Cuchillas del Toa (Blades). The area hosts more than 100 exclusive species of plants over 59 770 hectares. The landscapes of the area are typical and at the same time unique in the country, showing contrasts between the mountains of Sagua-Baracoa, with the vegetation of tropical humid forests.
On the northern coast prevail the gray sand beaches, pocket bays and wide river outlets. 64 species of birds have been reported in its fauna, out of which 12 are endemic, which makes this area very appropriate for their observation.
The region represents the last habitat of the Royal Woodpecker, and among mammals, one of the last ones for Almiques.
Here we can also find one of the most beautiful species of snails in the world: the Polymita. Out of all the possible excursions in the area, the most interesting one is climbing to the top of El Yunque de Baracoa (The Flat Top Mountain of Baracoa), declared National Monument and symbol of the city of Baracoa, considered and ecological island that called the attention of Admiral Christopher Columbus in his first trip to the Americas, serving as an orientation feature due to its unusual characteristics (flat topped).
This is the region of the country where the most precipitations occur, reason why we find her the most plentiful river in Cuba: Toa River, wading through it is a true excursion, as well as visiting its branches and later on go down in “cayucos”.